Spondylolisthesis – definition and treatment

Introduction

The spine goes through plenty of stress in most human beings. Whether it’s from recreational activities such as sports to work all activities will place some sort of stress on the spine. Unfortunately, as stress builds up diseases and injury will eventually come about. Disc herniation, facet syndrome, and Degenerative Disc Disease are three common injuries that we have already covered in our past blogs. Today, we’ll go through another injury; spondylolisthesis.

 

The definition of spondylolisthesis

Spondylolisthesis is when a vertebra slips out of position. This slipping out of position is different from vertebra subluxation (something that we will cover soon). This is usually caused by fractures in the pars interarticularis. The pars interarticularis is the part of the vertebra which connects the facet with the body. Once that area fractures, only the ligaments will be holding on to the vertebra thus causing the vertebral body to slip (usually) forward over the vertebra below it. This is pretty easy to see on X-rays as the back of the vertebral body will not line up with the one below it. You can find pars fractures too as that will be an indication that there could be a sign of spondylolisthesis, however, it is very difficult to see with untrained eyes.

 

Spondylolisthesis – those at risk, symptoms, treatment

Spondylolisthesis often appears in adolescence and adult men. This is because during this time there will be the most stress put on the spine due to daily living. This fracture mostly occurs in the lumbar spine (low back) and usually seen in people who do plenty of physical work. Personally, I’ve seen a couple of builders who’ve suffered from this injury along with some footballers too. You would think people who extend their low back spine are more likely to obtain this injury, but that is not true. Anyone who puts enough stress on their spine is prone to an injury like this.

 

Spondylolisthesis is painful and annoying. This is because it is pressing on your spinal cord! The main highway for nerve transmission! Since it affects the spinal cord, it is likely that both limbs will feel numbness, tingling, and pain. If the spondylolisthesis happens in the lumbar spine which is the most commonplace, some other symptoms include persistent low back pain, weakness in the limbs, and tight buttocks, and hamstrings. Fortunately, most cases of spondylolisthesis will not need surgical treatment. However, therapy such as chiropractic allows it to heal and recover properly. Even this injury may not be caused by an extension, it is best to avoid any movement that requires this motion in the lumbar spine. This is because it encourages the slipped vertebra to slip even more resulting in more spinal cord irritation. It is best for rehabilitation exercises that consist of more neutral and spinal flexion! However, always consult before doing these exercises!

 

Conclusion

Spondylolisthesis, a spinal injury that is characterized as the vertebra slipping forward in reference to the one below. An injury is seen in adults and adolescents who are often active. The best way of treatment is always prevention. So see your chiropractor and take care of your spine!

 

Spondylolisthesis and its grades

 

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Subluxation – definitions and effects

Introduction

Chiropractors adjust your spine. We pride ourselves on ‘Locating, analyzing, and correcting vertebral subluxations’. So you’ve probably heard your chiropractor say ‘you are subluxated’ or ‘you have subluxations here and here’. Well it’s true you do most likely have subluxations but how many people actually understand the term subluxation and how it can impact the body? But before you carry on reading this, I would kindly ask you to please check out the blog ‘Chiropractic and the nervous system’. Reading this blog would give you a much bigger understanding of this current blog.

 

The term “subluxation”…

The definition of subluxation has changed throughout chiropractic history. This is because of research and knowledge updates over time. This can happen in any profession, some surgeries performed in the past are no longer done today due to updated findings. But anyhow, the first definition of a subluxation written by B.J Palmer (Developer of chiropractic) is this: “A condition of a vertebra that has lost its proper juxtaposition with the one above or the one below or both, to an extent less than a luxation, which occludes an opening, impinges nerves and interferes with the transmission of mental impulses from the brain.” To summarise this definition and to make it easier to understand, we can simplify it to 4 components that interfere with nerve flow. These 4 components are misalignment, occlusion, pressure, and interference.

However, research has shown that the idea was generally correct, some parts of the definition are no longer valid. For instance, we now know that the spine doesn’t misalign to the way that it actually ‘occludes an opening, impinges nerves and interferes’ with nerve transmission. Although it would physically make sense and it’s easier to visualize, it is just no longer true. So as a result, as time went on, many definitions of subluxations were developed to accurately describe what a subluxation is.

 

The “go-to” definition of subluxation

My personal favorite and the one I find most accurately describes subluxation is the one written by the Rubicon group. The Rubicon group currently defines subluxation as “a self-perpetuating, central segmental motor control problem that involves a joint, such as a vertebral motion segment, that is not moving appropriately thereby yielding ongoing maladaptive neural plastic changes that interfere with the central nervous system’s ability to self-regulate, self-organize, adapt, repair and heal.” That definition is surely a mouthful. Again I will simplify it to make it easier to comprehend.

In order to understand the definition, we must know that research has now proved that the stimulus to our brain comes from joint movement. The more appropriate or ‘normal’ the joint movement is, the more accurate the information to and from our brain will be. The Rubicon definition is just saying that when a joint is not moving the way it should, it causes deficiencies in the function of the central nervous system. This can lead to inaccurate and altered information traveling to and from the brain.

 

How do subluxations impact the body?

If you think subluxation is a matter of life and death, you are wrong. I’m sure not many people think that but I wanted to make that clear. Although, subluxation does play a major part in your nervous system. You would probably know that by now if you have read the definitions above.

The nervous system is the sole system that governs everything in our bodies. From basic and visible functions like typing and reading to more discrete things like keeping our heart beating and healing wounds. This is because the nervous system is the first system to notice any errors in the body. It then immediately corrects or heal the error by commanding different parts of the body to do its job. Did you know that the first system that develops in an embryo is the nervous system? This just goes to tell the importance of the nervous system.

So if we want to be functioning at our optimal best all our joints must be functioning appropriately. This can only be achieved through chiropractors as we are the only profession that can accurately ‘locate, analyze, and correct vertebral subluxations’. This gives our nervous system the best chance to accurately process and deliver messages. As a result, this allows us, humans, to adapt and change at its best for each individual.

 

Conclusion

Hopefully, I have brought some clarity over what is a subluxation now. To summarise, a subluxation to me is a joint that is not moving appropriately. As a result, our nervous system is compromised and we won’t be able to function at our best state. Of course, there are other factors that cause subluxations too such as emotional and chemical stresses to the body. But we are going to save that for another time. The best people who do remove subluxations are chiropractors. And we, chiropractors, pride ourselves on facilitating a higher functioning community through enhancing the nervous system.

 

A normal vs. subluxated vertebrae

 

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Runner’s Knee and Chiropractic

What is the runner’s knee?

Runner’s knee is a general term that covers several conditions that cause pain at the knee. These conditions include:

  • Patellofemoral pain syndrome – generalised pain at the front of the knee that can be caused by many different issues.
  • Patellar malalignment – misalignment of the patella (kneecap), usually causing pain.
  • Chondromalacia patella – abnormal softening of the cartilage beneath the patella due to improper alignment. This is one of the most common causes of chronic knee pain.
  • Iliotibial band syndrome – irritation of the iliotibial band, usually due to overuse of the knees, causing pain at the lateral part of the knee.

There is a lot of overlap between these conditions, as they all present very similarly and similar things cause them. Therefore, they can be managed similarly, hence why they are all under the umbrella title of runner’s knee.

 

Runner's knee - area of pain

 

Cause and traditional treatment

Runner’s knee can occur by a number of things such as:

  • Trauma to the knee
  • Misalignment of the knee joint
  • Overuse of the knee
  • Flat feet
  • Repetitive stresses from activities such as running, walking, biking, jumping, or sports like football.

It tends to be more common in women than men and is more common in middle age. People who are overweight are more prone to runner’s knee as the extra weight places extra stress on the knee joints.

 

With runner’s knee pain appears around or behind the patella. Pain is also usually worse by activities such as walking, climbing up or downstairs, squatting, kneeling, running, sitting down, or standing up. The knee can also sometimes pop or grind and can swell in some cases. The normal treatment for a runner’s knee includes rest, ice, compression, and anti-inflammatory pain killers. Medical professionals often recommend physical therapy and exercises, and in serious cases, surgery.

 

How can chiropractic help with a runner’s knee?

A large cause of the runner’s knee is a misalignment of the knee joint, causing extra stress to be placed on the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage in and around the knee. This results in inflammation and pain. Chiropractors can adjust extremities and have a lot of knowledge around how the knee works. They know how best to adjust it, to keep it strong and stable so that it does not get worse during movement. This helps in preventing the runner’s knee from happening or helping it recover if it does happen. Not only does adjusting the knee help prevent and treat runner’s knee, but chiropractors can also adjust the pelvis and the ankle. Runner’s knee doesn’t always have to occur due to dysfunction at the knee. Our bodies are one big system so if there is dysfunction above or below the knee, this too can place extra stress. On the muscle, ligaments, tendons, and cartilage in and around the knee, causing the inflammation to happen.

 

Conclusion

By making sure everything in the leg is aligned, strong, and stable, this allows the knee to be able to do it’s job without excess stress being placed on it. This can prevent not only runner’s knee from happening but other conditions of the knee, ankle, and pelvis, as there is no excess stress in the system, and allows for fast, efficient healing if these conditions ever do come about. As chiropractors are knowledgeable about all parts of the body and how they can work at their best, chiropractors can give lifestyle advice, stretches, and exercises to increase strength and stability in the knee to prevent injuries, or to help them recover if they do occur6.

 

Looking for a Chiropractor in Auckland?

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Kids Balance Exercises: Tight Rope Walking

Are you looking for a Kids Chiropractor? Click here to book a complimentary consult with us to see if we can help your child. ??Kids Balance Exercises: Tricky Tight Rope Walking

??This is a step up from last week’s tight rope walk. This week you have to cross your arms over your chest so you can’t use your arms to balance!

Chiropractic care for your kids can greatly benefit their physical and mental development including improving their balance. Kids Chiropractic care is gentle, precise, and effective. Here’s a tip on how you can help your kids improve their balance.

 

STEPS for Tight Rope Walking:

1. Walk forward along the line with your feet as close together as possible, making sure your heel touches the toe as you step forward.
2. Make sure your head is looking up, not at your feet!
3. Walk ten paces forward on the tight rope then ten backward without falling over.

 

[embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KhhZy0Kq1V8[/embedyt]

 

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Tight Rope Balance - Free photo on Pixabay

Balance & Reach: Kids Balance Exercises

Kids Balance Exercises: Balance & Reach (Part 2)

Now we will make the balance and reach exercise a bit harder! Chiropractic care for your kids can greatly benefit their physical and mental development including improving their balance. Kids Chiropractic care is gentle, precise, and effective. Here’s a tip on how you can help your kids improve their balance.

STEPS to Balance:

1. Start on all fours.
2. Reach your LEFT ARM and RIGHT LEG out straight, hold for 10 seconds, relax it down.
3. Now, balance your RIGHT ARM and LEFT LEG out straight, hold for 10 seconds, relax it down.

CONCENTRATE ON: keeping your body still and not leaning over or letting your shoulders drop when you do the exercise. Be sure to hold the exercise for 10 seconds.

 

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finding balance | collected many rocks for mini cairns ...

5-Minute Total Body Warm Up

Warm up Wisely

It can be really tempting to skip your warm up and get right into an intense strength training session to maximize the time in your day. Not only will this decrease your performance in the session, it will also increase the likelihood of injury, which is never fun.

Today we’re going to take you through a catch-all warm that will ensure that all your joints are ready for motion and your blood is pumping. Feel free to mix and match these with other warm up routines to tailor it to your specific training needs.

Be sure to move within a comfortable range of motion and don’t push yourself too far too quickly. Keep breathing throughout and make sure you’re keeping proper form with control and you’re not flailing your limbs out uncontrollably or your may injure yourself.

We’ve combined movements in some of these to maximize the variety of movement your get in shorter time. We’ve presented the movements to time, but feel free to do them to a specific amount of reps or whatever gets your muscles warm and your heart pumping.

Here it is:

Jumping Jacks (1 min)

  • Start by standing with feet together and arms at your sides.
  • Jump while spreading your legs to shoulder width apart and raising your arms over head.
  • Jump back to starting position and repeat.

Related image

Squat & Twist (30 secs)

  • Squat down and use your left arm to hold your left foot while keeping your elbow on the inside of your leg.
  • Twist your torso and other arm towards the ceiling.
  • Twist back to the starting position and squat up.
  • Repeat on the other side.

Image result for squat and twist

Side Lunge with Frontal Raise (30 secs)

  • Spread your legs a little wider than shoulder width apart.
  • Squat down with your left leg while raising both arms out in front of you.
  • Stand up to the starting position and repeat on the other side.

Image result for side lunge with frontal raise

Forward Leg Swings (30 secs each side)

  • Hold on to something to the side and start with both feet under your hips
  • Swing the outside leg forward and backward while gradually increasing the range and height of your swing
  • Repeat on the other side

Related image

More exercises

Lateral Leg Swings (30 secs each side)

  • Hold on to something in front of you and start with both feet under your hips
  • Shift your weight to your right leg and swing your left across your body and out to the side (left)
  • Repeat on the other side

Image result for leg swing

Skipping Shoulder Circles (30 secs forward/30 secs backward)

  • Skip forward or in place and make circles with your arms going forward
  • Repeat with your arms going backwards

Related image

Walk Out with Shoulder Taps  (30 secs)

  • Start standing with feet shoulder width apart, touch your toes and walk your hands out to a plank position
  • Tap your right shoulder with your left hand while keeping your core braced and torso stationary
  • Walk your hands back to your feet, stand up and repeat

Image result for plank shoulder taps

***Give this routine a try and feel free to mix and match with movements to make it your own!

 

Chiropractor Auckland

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Whiplash – A Quick Guide

 

What is it?

 

Whiplash is caused by sudden hyperflexion (forward) and hyperextension (backwards) movement of the neck. This kind of quick movement stretches the soft tissues, such as muscles, tendons and ligaments, in your neck beyond their usual normal limits, resulting in damage of these structures.

 

How is classified?

 

The Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD) grading system

WAD I: Neck pain + stiffness or tenderness only. No physical signs.

II: Neck pain + musculoskeletal signs (reduced range of motion)

III: Neck pain + neurological signs (numbness or tingling, weakness, decreased or absent reflexes)

IV: Neck pain + fracture or dislocation of the vertebrae in the neck.

It can be difficult to tell which grade you have, but the most common grade of whiplash is WAD II

 

How does it happen?

 

Most people associate whiplash with car accidents, but it can also happen in contact sports, rollercoasters and even head banging too hard at concerts. It can basically happen in any situation where abrupt head movement is involved.

 

What are the signs and symptoms?

 

The following are some signs that you are experiencing whiplash.

  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Jaw pain
  • Vertigo

 

How long does it last for?

 

This answer is different for every person, but typically the average human recovers within 6 months. That being said, it may take years to recover for those with prolonged symptoms.

It depends on the severity of the injury, how soon your you start treatment, how well you stick to your treatment, if you’ve had a whiplash injury before and whether you have any pre-existing conditions.

 

How do you treat it?

 

Easy, the 10-10-10 Protocol.

Initial treatment of whiplash should consist of 10 minutes of ice application, removal for 10 minutes and reapplication for another 10 minutes. Then repeat.

A structural chiropractor can provide the proper treatment and exercises to restore function and get you back to your normal daily activities sooner. Delayed treatment may hinder overall recovery time, so the sooner you start treatment, the better!

 

Chiropractor Auckland

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Whiplash Monster Truck Backflip Free Stock Photo - Public Domain Pictures

How To Flight Proof Your Body

Going on a long flight? Bus ride? Car ride? You may have experienced the unpleasant experience of being crammed in a seat for hours. You get agitated, your muscles begin to ache, and there’s nowhere to hide from the pain.

We came up with these tips to reduce the physical stress on your body that comes with travel. This applies to all situations where you find yourself stuck sitting in one place for hours.

  1. Pump your ankles.

    • Sitting for long periods means that the muscles that are used to pump blood and fluid up your legs aren’t active. This leads to swelling and blood pooling over time. While the swelling isn’t dangerous, blood clots can form a deep vein thrombosis, which can be a dangerous and life threatening condition. So be sure to keep your ankles moving!
    • Fully extend your legs out in front of you (if you have the leg room, if not, extend out as much as you can) and move your ankles side to side as well as up and down. This can help with ankle stiffness, swelling and pain.
  2. Keep hydrated.

    • Especially if you’re in an airplane, the cabins have very low humidity and can lead to accelerated dehydration.
    • Drink plenty of water the day before your flight as well as during your flight.
    • Avoid drinks that tend to dehydrate, such as caffeinated and alcoholic drinks, before and during your flight.
  3. Move as much as you can!

    • It’s a bad idea to be sitting for long periods of time in any context. On top of that, you’ll end up in uncomfortable sleeping positions if you decide to doze off.
    • This can lead to pain and dysfunction in your hips, back, shoulder and neck, so it’s a good idea to address this by getting up and walking around every 30 minutes if you can.
  4. Stuck sitting? Try some Pandiculation.

  • Pandiculation is basically stationary stretching. You’ve already done it naturally upon waking up when yawning and stretching your body.
  • It can be done to every part of your body.
    • Reach your hands upward to the sky.
    • Extend and stretch your legs.
    • Move your neck in every motion. Look side to side, up and down. Bring your ears towards your shoulders side to side.
    • Expand your chest while bringing your shoulders back.
    • Move your body in all directions where you feel restrictions.
  • Do these movements slowly and feel where your tension lies and focus on stretching out those areas. Just be careful not to bump your neighbour.

Movement is medicine, so just remember to do what you can with what you’re given. Happy and healthy travels!

 

Chiropractor Auckland

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HD wallpaper: boy sitting on plane seat while viewing window, human, person  | Wallpaper Flare

When Did You Last Brush Your Teeth

When did you last brush your teeth? I would be surprised if it was more than 24 hours ago. And why did you brush them? Because they were sore or you had cavities? Probably not. You probably did it because you know it’s good to keep your teeth clean if you want to still have them in your mouth as the decades roll on. It is easier and less painful to maintain the health of your teeth than it is to let problems build up.

The same goes for your spine, but when did you last do something for it? You can start to take care of your spine in a few ways. The spine needs strength, mobility and a good postural position.

Strength

Performing movements like the superman exercise and planks are simple and can be done at home without equipment. When done right and within a well-planned training program barbell squats and deadlifts are possibly the most effective spinal, and full-body, strengthening movements you can do but obviously require more equipment or a gym membership and personal trainer.

Mobility

The cat/camel exercise is a great spinal mobility exercise you should do daily at home.

Posture

Imagine you have a string attached to the top of your head like a marionette puppet and it’s pulling you upward. Reach your head as high as you can and elongate your spine while keeping the shoulder blades tucked down and back.

Chiropractic adjustments can assist you in all 3 areas by promoting a more mobile and stronger spine. Many of our clients report a feeling of ease in posture, like a weight has lifted off their spine. Areas of the spine that don’t move well due to years of poor posture or various injuries are prone to develop weakness. The less a joint moves, the weaker and lazier the muscles become. Chiropractic focuses on improving the motion of the bones in the spine so that the muscles and ligaments can strengthen and the nerve system can function optimally.

Chiropractor Auckland

Contact Revolution Chiropractic – Leading  Chiropractor Auckland

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African kid brushing teeth | Free SVG

 

Core: Shoulder Taps (6/7)

[embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bjluGXZtdWw[/embedyt]

This blog is sponsored by Little Ninja & Priorityfitness.

Chiropractor Auckland

Contact Revolution Chiropractic – Leading  Chiropractor Auckland

To Schedule your FREE CONSULTATION at Revolution Chiropractic E-mail or Call us on 09 418 3718.  

You can also book online here !


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